Paul's Epistle to the Galatians is generally regarded, in spite of its subscription as having been written long before the great missionary visited Rome. Probably, with the exception of "Thessalonians", it is the very earliest of the Epistles. It is more vehement in tone than the others and protests resolutely against the Judaising of the Christian church, insisting that "Faith" is the only essential doctrine.
Paul asserts his own authority in opposition to that of the other apostles in what has been called "the Magna Carta of Christian liberty". Paul writes this forceful epistle to the Galatians with the opening paragraph, "I marvel that you are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel."
"God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ" Gal. 6
Galatians Chapter 1
The apostle Paul asserts his apostolic character against such as lessened it 1-5. He reproves the Galatians for revolting from the gospel of Christ under the influence of evil teachers 6-9. He proves the Divine authority of his doctrine and mission; and declares what he was before his conversion and calling 10-14. And how he proceeded after it 15-24.
Galatians Chapter 2
The apostle declares his being owned as an apostle of the Gentiles 1-10. He had publicly opposed Peter for judaizing 11-14. And from thence he enters upon the doctrine of justification by faith in Christ, without the works of the law 15-21.
Galatians Chapter 3
The Galatians reproved for departing from the great doctrine of justification alone, through faith in Christ 1-5. This doctrine established from the example of Abraham 6-9. From the tenor of the law and the severity of its curse 10-14. From the covenant of promises, which the law could not disannul 15-18. The law was a school master to lead them to Christ 19-25. Under the gospel state true believers are all one in Christ 26-29.
Galatians Chapter 4
The folly of returning to legal observances for justification 1-7. The happy change made in the Gentile believers 8-11. The apostle reasons against following false teachers 12-18.
He expresses his earnest concern for them 19-20. And then explains the difference between what is to be expected from the law, and from the gospel 21-31.
Galatians Chapter 5
An earnest exhortation to stand fast in the liberty of the gospel 1-12. To take heed of indulging a sinful temper 13-15. And to walk in the Spirit, and not to fulfill the lusts of the flesh, the works of both are described 16-26.
Galatians Chapter 6
Exhortations to meekness, gentleness, and humility 1-5. To kindness towards all men, especially believers 6-11. The Galatians guarded against the judaizing teachers, the Wondrous Cross 12-15.
A solemn blessing 16-18.
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